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Summary of Budget 2017: Key points at-a-glance


Stamp duty and housing

  • Stamp duty to be abolished immediately for first-time buyers purchasing properties worth up to &300,000
  • To help those in London and other expensive areas, the first &300,000 of the cost of a &500,000 purchase by all first-time buyers will be exempt from stamp duty
  • 95% of all first-time buyers will benefit, with 80% not paying stamp duty
  • Reduction will apply immediately in England, Wales and Northern Ireland although the Welsh government will have to decide whether to continue it when stamp duty is devolved in April 2018
  • It will not apply in Scotland unless Scottish government decides to follow suit
  • &44bn in government support to boost construction to meet target of building 300,000 new homes a year by the middle of the next decade
  • 100% council tax premium to be levied on empty properties
  • Compulsory purchase of land banked by developers for financial reasons
  • Review into delays in developments given planning permission being taken forward
  • &28m for Kensington and Chelsea council to provide counselling services and mental health support for victims of the Grenfell fire and for regeneration of surrounding area
  • New homelessness task force

Alcohol, tobacco, gambling and fuel

  • Tobacco will continue to rise by 2% above Retail Price Index (RPI) inflation while the minimum excise duty on cigarettes introduced in March will also rise
  • Duty on hand-rolling tobacco will increase by additional 1%
  • Duty on beer, wine, spirits and most ciders will be frozen, equating to 12p off a pint of beer and &1.15 off a bottle of whisky by next April
  • But duty on high-strength "white ciders" to be increased via new legislation
  • Fuel duty rise for petrol and diesel cars scheduled for April 2018 scrapped
  • Vehicle excise duty for diesel cars that do not meet latest standards to rise by one band in April 2018
  • Tax hike will not apply to van owners
  • Existing diesel supplement in company car tax to rise by 1%
  • Proceeds to fund a new &220m clean air fund

Personal taxation and wages

  • Tax-free personal allowance on income tax to rise to &11,850 in April 2018
  • Higher-rate tax threshold to increase to &46,350
  • Short-haul air passenger duty rates and long-haul economy rates to be frozen, paid for by an increase on premium-class tickets and on private jets
  • National Living Wage to rise in April 2018 by 4.4%, from &7.50 an hour to &7.83.

The state of the economy

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  • Growth forecast for 2017 downgraded from 2% to 1.5%
  • GDP downgraded to 1.4%, 1.3% and 1.5% in subsequent years before rising to 1.6% in 2021-22
  • Productivity growth and business investment also revised down
  • Annual rate of CPI inflation forecast to fall from peak of 3% towards 2% target later this year
  • Another 600,000 people forecast to be in work by 2022
  • &3bn to be set aside over next two years to prepare UK for every possible outcome as UK leaves EU

The state of the public finances

  • Annual borrowing &49.9bn this year, &8.4bn lower than forecast in March
  • Borrowing forecast to fall in every subsequent year from &39.5bn in 2018-19 to &25.6bn in 2022-23
  • Public sector net borrowing forecast to fall from 3.8% of GDP last year to 2.4% this year, then 1.9%, 1.6%, 1.5% and 1.3% in subsequent years, reaching 1.1% in 2022-23.
  • Debt will peak at 86.5% of GDP this year, then fall to 86.4% next year; then 86.1%, 83.1% and 79.3% in subsequent years, reaching 79.1% in 2022-23.

Welfare and pensions

  • &1.5bn package to "address concerns" about the delivery of universal credit
  • Seven-day initial waiting period for processing of claims to be scrapped
  • Claimants to get 100% advance payments within five days of applying from January
  • Typical first payment will take five weeks rather than current six
  • Repayment period for advances to increase from six to 12 months.
  • New universal credit claimants in receipt of housing benefit to continue to receive it for two weeks

Business and digital

  • VAT threshold for small business to remain at &85,000 for two years
  • &500m support for 5G mobile networks, fibre broadband and artificial intelligence
  • &540m to support the growth of electric cars, including more charging points
  • A further &2.3bn allocated for investment in research and development
  • Rises in business rates to be pegged to CPI measure of inflation, not higher RPI
  • Digital economy royalties relating to UK sales which are paid to a low-tax jurisdiction to be subject to income tax as part of tax avoidance clampdown. Expected to raise about &200m a year

Education and health (England only)

  • &40m teacher training fund for underperforming schools in England. Worth &1,000 per teacher
  • 8,000 new computer science teachers to be recruited at cost of &84m
  • Secondary schools and sixth-form colleges to get &600 for each new pupil taking maths or further maths at A-level or core maths at an expected cost of &177m
  • &2.8bn in extra funding for the NHS in England
  • &350m immediately to address pressures this winter, &1.6bn for 2018-19 and the remainder in 2019-20
  • &10bn capital investment fund for hospitals
  • Cash for maths, no extra on school budgets
  • The NHS will get extra money - chancellor


  • &320m to be invested in former Redcar steelworks site
  • Further devolution of powers to Greater Manchester
  • &1.7bn transport fund for city regions to be spent by mayors
  • &2bn for Scottish government, &1.2bn for Welsh government and &650m for Northern Ireland executive
  • Scottish police and fire services to get refunds on VAT from April 2018
  • Young person's railcard extended to 26-30-year-olds


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